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Cranky China’s posturing puts its neighbours on edge



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  • Canada isn’t the only country that’s feeling rattled by relations with China — the suddenly cranky superpower is also stirring things up with its South Pacific neighbours.
  • Fifty-six million people in eight of the world’s poorest and least-secure areas are in urgent need of food assistance, says a new report to the UN Security Council.
  • Missed The National last night? Watch it here.

China’s nervous neighbours

Ottawa’s relations with China have hit a new low following the arrest of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou and what appear to be retaliatory measures against three Canadians.

But Canada isn’t the only country feeling rattled by the suddenly cranky superpower.

Australia is trying to negotiate the release of one of its own citizens, the Chinese-born writer Yang Hengjun. The academic and political commentator was snatched off the streets of Guangzhou on Jan. 18, and is being held in a Beijing jail on national security suspicions.

Yang Hengjun, an author and former Chinese diplomat who is now an Australian citizen, is seen in a photo taken while he was on a visit to Tibet in July 2014. He was detained in Guanzhou by Chinese authorities on Jan. 18. (Reuters)

And China’s sudden willingness to flex its military muscle in the South China Sea is unnerving countries all around the South Pacific.  

At an international forum in Singapore yesterday, Christopher Pyne, the Australian defence minister, called on Beijing to rethink its approach to the region, saying its bellicose words and actions have been causing needless anxiety.

« As the exhortation goes, to those that much is given, much is expected; similarly for nation states, for those with great power comes great responsibility, and so I call on China to act with great responsibility in the South China Sea, » Pyne said.

Even against the backdrop of a recently announced $90 billion investment in new ships for the Australian Navy, Pyne took pains to say that no one is trying « to contain » China.

A Royal Australian Navy MH-60R Seahawk helicopter flies an Australian national flag over Sydney Harbour during Australia Day celebrations on Saturday. Australia has announced a $90 billion US investment in its navy, in part to address China’s buildup in the region. (Dan Himbrechts/EPA-EFE)

Neighbouring New Zealand is also experiencing tension with China.

Last week, a well-known China expert from the University of Canterbury released a letter she had written to Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern asking for police protection following a campaign of harassment that she believes originated in Beijing.

Anne-Marie Brady says her home and office have been broken into, and that pressure has been brought upon her bosses to stop her research. The incidents all seem to be designed to intimidate her, falling around her speeches and public testimony to parliament.

China has certainly entered an assertive phase.

In late December, Lou Yuan, a navy rear admiral, gave a combative speech in Shenzhen in which he suggested that disputes over the East and South China Seas might best be settled by sinking a couple of U.S. aircraft carriers.

And this month, following the U.S. Navy sailing its ships past disputed islands and through the Taiwan Strait, Beijing reacted by moving some its new « ship killer » DF-26 missiles within range of targets in the South China Sea.

Chinese military vehicles carrying anti-ship ballistic missiles, potentially capable of sinking a U.S. Nimitz-class aircraft carrier in a single strike, travel past Tiananmen Gate during a military parade in September 2015. (Andy Wong/AP)

Meanwhile, domestic media have been pumping up the capabilities of the Chinese military, with breathless reports on new weaponry.

Since the beginning of the year, stories have appeared about an « underground steel Great Wall, » meant to protect sensitive military installations from missile attacks. There’s also a new stealth attack jet, a mother-of-all-bombs high-explosive, and new rifles that shoot around corners and launch grenades, with the promise that one Chinese soldier will soon be equal to 10 foreign ones.

The People’s Liberation Army is in the midst of a major overhaul, which will see it reduce the number of ground troops in favour of a new Rocket Force and electronic warfare branch. The stated goal is to have an army capable of fighting and winning conflicts anywhere around the world by 2050.

And China’s rapidly expanding navy could have 351 ships — more than the United States — by next year.

All of which is making the Pentagon respectful.

At a talk in Washington yesterday, Admiral John Richardson, the head of the U.S. Navy, said he is trying to open « continuous dialogues » with his Chinese counterparts in order to reduce the risk of a military mishap in the South China Sea.

An airstrip, structures, and buildings on China’s man-made Subi Reef in the Spratly chain of islands in the South China Sea are seen in April 2017. China’s stance is that it has the legal right to take whatever measures it deems appropriate on the islands in the South China Sea, which China claims virtually in its entirety. (Bullit Marquez/Associated Press)

« Unplanned encounters » are becoming more and more frequent, he told an audience at the Brookings Institution.

He hopes that a reliable communication channel between Beijing and Washington will soon be in place.

« If something should happen, we can call each other up and de-escalate that before it gets too hot, » Richardson explained.

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A world of hunger

Fifty-six million people in eight of the world’s poorest and least-secure areas are in urgent need of food assistance, says a new report to the UN Security Council.

The World Food Program and UN Food and Agricultural Organization update, tabled this morning, says protracted conflicts, coupled with factors like drought and violence against humanitarian workers, have created « acute food insecurity, » and that the situation is rapidly worsening in five of the eight focus countries.

The civil war in Yemen, which now ranks as the worst human-made disaster in history, has 15.9 million people — more than half the population — at risk of famine.

A father gives water to his malnourished daughter at a feeding center in a hospital in Hodeida, Yemen, in September 2018. (Hani Mohammed/Associated Press)

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) isn’t far behind, with 13 million hungry residents — almost a quarter of the population — beset not only by armed conflicts, but a growing Ebola outbreak as well.

The situation in Afghanistan has also deteriorated dramatically, with 47 per cent of people in rural areas — 10.6 million residents — now facing chronic food deficits amid a large-scale drought, and increased Taliban and ISIS attacks. More than half a million people were forced out of their homes in 2018.

Six million people need immediate food assistance in South Sudan, following five years of conflict and disrupted agricultural production.

And 1.9 million in the Central African Republic are regularly going hungry.

Conflict-affected Yemenis gather to receive free bread by a local charity bakery amid a severe shortage of food in Sana’a on Nov. 28, 2018. The impoverished Arab country is experiencing a humanitarian crisis due to an ongoing brutal conflict that has driven millions to the brink of famine. (Yahya Arhab/EPA-EFE)

Even where there have been improvements, the numbers remain daunting.

Syria had 5.5 million hungry people as of late summer. That’s down 1 million from a year earlier, but still almost 30 per cent of the population.

The need for food assistance in Somalia has been cut by almost 50 per cent over the past year, but 1.8 million people still need daily help.

And in the Lake Chad Basin, an area which touches parts of Niger, Chad and Nigeria, 1.7 million people require food assistance. It’s an improvement from the 2.7 million a year ago, but experts predict the number will rise to 3 million by the end of summer 2019.

The report to the Security Council comes on the same day that UNICEF launches its annual appeal to feed the world’s hungry children.

The Geneva-based humanitarian organization is seeking $3.9 billion US this year to help 41 million kids, 80 per cent of whom live in conflict zones.

A man carries sacks of food aid for distribution to internally displaced people in a Protection of Civilians Camp run by the UN Mission in South Sudan near the town of Malakal, in the Upper Nile state of South Sudan, in September 2018. (Baz Ratner/Reuters)

The number of countries in the throes of wars or violent insurgencies is at a 30-year high, with 31 million children having been forcibly displaced as of the end of 2018.

Yemen has 6.6 million children in urgent need. And four million kids in the DRC require food help.

This year, UNICEF is hoping to treat 4.2 million cases of severe malnutrition, provide basic education to more than 10 million kids, and fund psychosocial support for 4 million more.

Last year, the group fell short of its $3.6 billion global ask, raising just $1.85 billion US. But it ultimately managed to meet 73 per cent of its goals by tapping unused funds from previous years.

Quote of the moment

« Mr. McArthur intended and caused all of their deaths. During each of these murders, one or more of the following factors were present: planning and deliberation, a murder committed in the course of sexually assaulting the victims, or a murder committed while the victims were unlawfully confined. »

– An excerpt from the agreed statement of facts filed in a Toronto court this morning as serial killer Bruce McArthur pleaded guilty to eight counts of first-degree murder.

A court sketch of Bruce McArthur’s appearance in Toronto on Tuesday. (Pam Davies/CBC)

What The National is reading

  • Survivor of Quebec City mosque shooting sets out to combat hate (CBC)
  • May to demand fresh Brexit talks, even as EU rules them out (Independent)
  • One of richest families in the U.S. accused of profiting from opioid crisis (CNN)
  • 18 Japanese newspapers, drugmakers get cyanide-laced letters (Japan Times)
  • Boko Haram threat displaces 30,000 in Nigeria (Al Jazeera)
  • Apple disables group FaceTime amid reports of privacy bug (CBC)
  • Cryptocurrency thefts, scams hit $1.7 billion in 2018: report (Reuters)
  • ‘French Spiderman’ arrested after climbing Manila skyscraper (NDTV)

Today in history

Jan. 29, 1980: Try pork on your fork

Cooking demonstrations for stuffed pork and recipes for tender pork stew are all part of Manitoba’s campaign to promote pork. At home and abroad, demand for the meat is growing and Manitoba wants a piece of the action. The government’s message that pork is a cheap and healthy alternative seems to be working. At this 1980 convention, folks admit to buying more pork. « I enjoy pork very, very much, » one woman tells CBC TV. « It’s tasty and it’s less expensive. » Hog farmers, such as John Loewen of Blumenort, Man., are banking on the four-legged beasts as well. Factory hog barns are quickly replacing traditional family farms. In this footage, Loewen talks about the efficiency of his operation. He explains how mechanized manure handling and automated feedings are keeping costs down and production high. It’s all good news to Manitoba’s hog industry, which is hoping to gain control of an enterprise that’s been dominated by Quebec and Ontario.

Manitoba government bets its future on the booming hog industry. 9:33

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Why did Bruce McArthur plead guilty? Police hint answers are coming




Why Bruce McArthur chose to plead guilty to eight charges of first-degree murder was not explained on Tuesday morning, although police hinted that answers still may come.

McArthur’s admission in a Toronto courthouse that he killed eight men wasn’t entirely surprising — police had said earlier a « significant development » was coming. But guilty pleas can be rare in big trials because, during the lead up, the defence can determine the strength of the Crown’s case, according to B.C. criminal lawyer Marilyn Sandford.

« The first question is always: Can they prove their case? » Sandford, who was part of the legal team that represented serial killer Robert Pickton, said in an interview with CBC News earlier this month.

« You want to be able to give [your client] that opinion before you rush into negotiating a plea agreement because you need to be able to tell them the strengths and weaknesses of the case so that they can make an informed decision about what to do. »

McArthur’s trial was expected to take three to four months and the trial date had been set for Jan. 6, 2020, meaning his team had almost another year to search for weaknesses.

Outside the courthouse, Det. David Dickinson, one of the lead investigators in the case, indicated he would comment on McArthur’s reasons for pleading guilty at a later time. Insp. Hank Idsinga, the head of the investigation, also suggested that more information about McArthur’s motivation to plead guilty may be forthcoming.

« We’ll see what else comes out in court next week, » he told CBC News.

Instead, Ontario Superior Court Justice John McMahon opened proceedings by asking McArthur if he understood exactly what it meant to plead guilty, and warning that he could not plead guilty to things he didn’t do just to get the case over.

Did McArthur understand, McMahon asked, that he was giving up his right to a trial?

McArthur simply replied: « Yes. »

McMahon also asked if the former landscaper was pressured by family, friends, lawyers or police officers involved in his case. McArthur said he was not. 

McMahon said the guilty plea meant he had to sentence McArthur to life imprisonment. Whether he will serve his sentences concurrently or consecutively will be decided next week.

Insp. Hank Idsinga, the lead detective in the case, said he felt ‘a little emotional, a little bit surreal,’ following McArthur’s guilty plea. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

« So, you understand you’ll have to serve at least until you’re 91 before you could be eligible to apply for parole, » McMahon said. « Do you understand that? Do you understand that, sir? »

« Yes, your honour, » McArthur said.

McArthur made his plea 11 days after the one-year anniversary of his arrest, and a year to the day after police first used the label « serial killer » to describe the perpetrator of the eight murders he is now convicted of.

He was brought into court handcuffed, head shaved, wearing a blue sweater — one he has worn at numerous court appearances — with a plaid shirt underneath, and jeans.

It was a different image from that of a smiling and stocky man with a goatee, seen in Facebook pictures that have circulated in the media.

« This man is much older, stooped, lost a lot of weight, » said Karen Fraser, who had hired McArthur as a landscaper, and whose property he had used to bury his victims.

Karen Fraser had hired McArthur as a landscaper. He used her property to bury his victims. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

« I knew a man who was always energetic, enthusiastic, eager to get on to the next thing. And this is just a shuffling broken man, as he should be. »

​The courtroom was full, packed mostly with journalists, police officers and friends and family of the victims. The latter expressed little emotion, sitting grim-faced as McArthur’s crimes and his pleas were said in court.

McArthur stood hunched, his fingertips resting on the wooden banner in front, his eyes off to the side, staring blankly, looking at no one, not the judge, not the court clerk who read aloud each murder charge, naming each murder victim: Andrew Kinsman, 49, Selim Esen, 44, Skandaraj Navaratnam, 40, Abdulbasir Faizi, 44, Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, 37, Dean Lisowick, 47, Soroush Mahmudi, 50, and Majeed Kayhan, 58.

Of the eight victims, seven had ties to Toronto’s LGBT community.

When the clerk was finished reading the charges, McArthur was asked for a plea after each count.

« Guilty, » he repeated eight times.

Several Toronto Police Service officers sat in the front row of the courtroom facing McArthur’s back. Those officers included Dickinson and Idsinga, who has become the face of this investigation that has drawn international attention.

McArthur confessed to killing these eight men. Top row, from left to right, Skandaraj Navaratnam, 40, Andrew Kinsman, 49, Selim Esen, 44, and Abdulbasir Faizi, 44. Bottom row, from left to right: Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, 37, Dean Lisowick, 47, Soroush Mahmudi, 50, and Majeed Kayhan, 58. (Toronto Police Service/CBC)

« A little emotional, a little bit surreal » Idsinga said he felt afterward. « Absolutely it’s closure. It’s not happiness, it’s not something to celebrate. It’s good to get it done. »

It is still not known how McArthur killed his victims. But what the court did hear Tuesday, in an abridged version of an agreed statement of facts, was that all eight murders were planned and deliberate, that six were sexual in nature, that McArthur had kept some of his victims’ items as souvenirs and « staged » some of them, although what that meant was not clarified.

The full details of those crimes are expected to be revealed next week at a sentencing hearing where friends and family will deliver victim impact statements. 

McArthur will be at least 91 before he’s eligible for parole. It remains to be seen if he will serve his sentences consecutively or concurrently. (Bruce McArthur/Facebook)

McMahon said he was hoping to read the statements ahead of time, and reminded that there are certain things that can and can’t be included in such statements. Swearing or threats, for example, are not allowed.

« I don’t want to be in a position Monday where I have to reject some of  the… loved ones’ victim impact statements because it doesn’t fit within where we have to be.

« It is important to see the impact it’s had on your lives. »

McMahon said it would be in everybody’s interest for the case to wrap up next week, « to have closure for the family, for Mr. McArthur, for everybody involved. »

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From Project Houston to Bruce McArthur’s guilty plea: A timeline of what we know so far




A year after Bruce McArthur’s arrest, unsealed warrant information and exhibits from his earlier assault case continue to shed light on the activities of the serial killer, police investigations into missing men from Toronto’s Gay Village and beyond.

​CBC Toronto and other media outlets are in court fighting to unseal information in more than 88 heavily-redacted judicial orders obtained by investigators in Project Houston and Project Prism.

The task forces were created to probe the disappearances of Skandaraj Navaratnam, Abdulbasir Faizi and Majeed Kayhan between 2010 and 2012, and then Selim Esen and Andrew Kinsman in 2017.

On Jan. 29, 2019, McArthur pleaded guilty to all eight counts of first-degree murder.

The timeline below includes the information that has been unsealed from the investigations, exhibits from McArthur’s assault case and most of CBC Toronto’s reporting so far.

Late 1990s: Bruce McArthur begins a relationship with a married man « towards the end of his [own] marriage, » according to the pre-sentence report for McArthur’s assault conviction. The men stay together for four years.

1998: McArthur moves to Toronto after leaving his marriage. 

1999: McArthur sees a psychiatrist « as a result of difficulties coping with the breakup of his marriage and his first gay relationship, » according to the pre-sentence report from his assault conviction.

That same year McArthur also meets Skandaraj  Navaratnam. 

December 2000: McArthur and his wife sell their house in Oshawa.

Skandaraj Navaratnam, known to friends as Skanda, went missing in 2010. Two of his friends have confirmed that he knew Bruce McArthur. (CBC)

Early 2000s:  McArthur and Navaratnam are in a relationship at some point during this time.

McArthur assault conviction

Oct. 31, 2001: McArthur assaults a man with a metal pipe in the man’s home. McArthur turns himself in to police. Throughout the case, McArthur maintains that he blacked out before the assault and doesn’t know why he did it.

Jan. 29, 2003: McArthur pleads guilty to one count of assault causing bodily harm and assault with a weapon.

March 19, 2003: Dr. Marie-France Dionne writes a psychological report about McArthur at the request of his lawyer to find out if a mental health issue could have led to the assault.

In the report the psychiatrist found « no sign of mental health problems » that could have contributed to the incident, and offered no other explanation for the assault.

Dionne writes that McArthur has a « very minimal » risk for violence, and in terms of personality, she characterizes him as a « passive and indecisive » man who seeks « to maintain an image of being a proper and cooperative person, prone to behaving correctly and modestly. »

April 11, 2003: McArthur is sentenced to one count of assault causing bodily harm and assault with a weapon.

The Crown and McArthur’s lawyer enters a joint submission for a conditional sentence. Court transcripts show the Crown thinks, « it wouldn’t be in society’s interest or Mr. McArthur’s interest to have him go into jail at this point in time. »

Instead McArthur serves his two years less a day sentence in the community with restrictions like a ban on visiting the Gay Village, being in the company of a male prostitute and a 10-year weapons prohibition. McArthur is also ordered to attend counselling for anger management and provide a DNA sample.

3 men go missing from the Gay Village

Sept. 6, 2010: Skandaraj Navaratnam, 40, goes missing over Labour Day weekend. He’s last seen leaving Zipperz nightclub, near Church and Carlton streets, with an unknown man around 2 a.m.

Sept. 16, 2010: Navaratnam is reported missing by a friend.

Dec. 29, 2010: Abdulbasir Faizi, 44, calls his wife and tells her he is at work with co-workers and will be home later that night. His last known location is in the Church and Wellesley street area of Toronto’s Gay Village. 

Dec. 30, 2010: Faizi’s cousin reports him missing to Peel Regional Police. 

Project Houston, a police taskforce, was created to probe the disappearances of Skandaraj Navaratnam, Abdulbasir Faizi and Majeed Kayhan.

Jan. 4, 2011: Police discover Faizi’s 2002 Nissan Sentra abandoned on Moore Avenue, in the area of St. Clair Avenue East and Mount Pleasant Road.

It’s just a short drive from the home on Mallory Crescent where McArthur stores his tools and where planters with the remains of his victims are later recovered.

Oct. 18, 2012: Majeed Kayhan, 58, is last seen by a friend in the area of Alexander and Yonge streets.

Oct. 25, 2012: Kayhan is reported missing by his adult son.

November 2012: Police create Project Houston, a task force, to probe the disappearances of Navaratnam, Faizi and Kayhan.

Dec. 17, 2012: Police obtain the first judicial order of Project Houston, a tracking warrant for a vehicle. Like all of the warrants in the investigation, police obtain an order sealing the tracking warrant from the public.

The investigator has to provide the court reasons why the warrant should be sealed. Those reasons include protecting a confidential source and one underage victim. The task force obtains about 40 more warrants before it gets shut down in April 2014.

Police chase dead end suspect

Dec. 20, 2012: Police obtain a general warrant for a residence in London, Ont., owned by James Alex Brunton. A general warrant gives police the power to « use any device or investigative technique, or procedure » to do whatever is described in the warrant that would normally be considered an unreasonable search and seizure.

Project Houston obtained at least seven judicial orders in connection to James Alex Brunton and his home in Peterborough. (CBC)

The task force investigates Brunton as a murder suspect in the disappearance of Skandaraj Navaratnam.

At least six other Project Houston judicial orders are obtained in connection to Brunton by Project Houston. In the end Brunton is not connected to Navaratnam, but pleads guilty to child pornography charges in January 2014.

Police refuse to confirm whether or not they spoke with McArthur in this period, although they were aware of his relationship with Navaratnam.

Sept. 23, 2013: The final judicial orders of Project Houston are obtained.

April 2014: Police shut down Project Houston after 18 months because they can’t find any criminal evidence.

Police interview McArthur

2014-2017: Toronto police talk to McArthur as part of a divisional investigation that is not connected to either Project Houston or Project Prism at some point during this time.

Bruce McArthur, 66, is accused of killing eight men and police believe there may be more victims. (Bruce McArthur/Facebook)

The Toronto police professional standards unit has since launched an internal investigation into the matter. 

More men go missing, some unreported

Aug. 15, 2015: Soroush Mahmudi, 50, is last seen near his apartment building on Markham Road in Scarborough around noon. 

Aug. 22, 2015: Mahmudi’s son-in-law reports him missing.

August 2015: The family of Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, 37, last spoke to him by phone from their home in Sri Lanka.

Soroush Mahmudi, Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam and Dean Lisowick went missing between the two police task forces. Kanagaratnam and Lisowick were never reported missing.

September-December 2015: Police believe Kanagaratnam was killed at some point during this time period. His family never reported Kanagaratnam missing because they thought he was in hiding after the Canadian government rejected his refugee application.

2016-2017: Police believe Dean Lisowick, 47, was killed at some point during this time period. Unlike most of the other victims, Lisowick was never reported missing. 

April 26, 2016: The last time Lisowick was admitted to a shelter in Toronto. He was a regular user of the shelter system.

Project Prism

April 16, 2017: Selim Esen, 44, goes missing over Easter weekend. He is last seen near Yonge and Bloor streets.

April 30, 2017: Esen is reported missing.

June 26, 2017: Andrew Kinsman, 49, is last seen in Cabbagetown a day after Toronto’s annual Pride parade.  

June 29, 2017: Kinsman is reported missing. Police later said a crucial piece of evidence was uncovered because Kinsman was reported missing within 72 hours. Investigators hinted that without that evidence McArthur might still be free.

Project Prism, a police task force, was created to probe the disappearances of Selim Esen and Andrew Kinsman in 2017.

August 2017: Police establish Project Prism task force to probe the disappearances of Esen and Kinsman.

Aug. 16-17, 2017: The first two judicial orders are made for Project Prism. One is a production order for Google and the other is a production order for Rogers Communication.

A production order gives police the power to compel a person or organization to provide documents or records. In the case of these two orders, investigators were looking for IP address logs for Kinsman’s email accounts and Kinsman’s cell phone records.

Since those first two, the task force obtains another 22 production orders, including ones for banking and phone records and Highway 407 usage.

Police eye McArthur

Sept. 6, 2017: Toronto police’s mobile surveillance unit starts tracking McArthur’s movements.

Sept. 8, 2017: For the first time in the investigation, police use Bruce McArthur’s name in their request to seal a production order for Bell Canada.

Sept. 14, 2017: Police obtain a tracking warrant for two of McArthur’s vehicles, in order to allow « officers the opportunity to monitor … the movements of McArthur. »

Sept. 16, 2017: McArthur sells an old, rusty, maroon-coloured Dodge Caravan to Dom’s Auto Parts, an auto parts shop outside Toronto.

In early September 2017, police used Bruce McArthur’s name for the first time in a request to seal a production order for Bell Canada. (Bruce McArthur/Facebook)

Oct. 3, 2017: Police visit Dom’s Auto Parts looking for the maroon-coloured Dodge Caravan. Investigators comb through surveillance footage and tow away the vehicle. The owner of the shop tells CBC Toronto that police found blood in the van.

Oct. 24, 2017: Police obtain a production order looking for user records for Squirt, a gay hookup site. They have reason to believe McArthur, Kinsman, Esen and Navaratnam have accounts with the site.

Nov. 2, 2017: Investigators obtain tracking warrants for two cell phone numbers used by McArthur, and extend an existing tracking warrant for his vehicle in order to « track McArthur’s communications and movements via his cell phone. »

In the warrant application police say they are developing a plan to invite McArthur to a police station for an interview as a person of interest in the hopes that it might « incite him » to reach out to another person « if they are criminally involved, » or take other actions that could help investigators locate Kinsman.

Kinsman’s blood found in McArthur’s van

Nov. 8, 2017: McArthur becomes a suspect in the murder of Kinsman after police find Kinsman’s blood in McArthur’s van. As a result, the next day the mobile surveillance unit restarts surveillance of McArthur.

Nov. 17, 2017: Investigators use cadaver dogs to search the area behind 53 Mallory Crescent, where McArthur stored his landscaping equipment, with no results.

Dec. 5, 2017: Police obtain a general warrant to covertly enter McArthur’s apartment to clone data from any digital devices and storage media and search for any items directly linked to Kinsman, like his cell phone or physical evidence.

Investigators entered the apartment for the first time that day, but had to leave quickly because someone (whose name is redacted in the warrant application) was on their way home.

Dec. 7, 2017: Once again, police return to McArthur’s apartment and this time start to copy the computer and hard drives in his bedroom. Investigators were in the apartment for just more than an hour before they were alerted through surveillance that McArthur was on his way home. 

Police say no evidence of serial killer

Dec. 8, 2017: In a news conference, police tell the public they have no evidence of a serial killer operating in the Gay Village.

Dec. 11, 2017: Police install a hidden camera to capture the garage door of 53 Mallory Crescent, where McArthur worked as landscaper and stored tools.

Toronto police Chief Mark Saunders is investigating the force’s response to several missing person cases. (CBC)

Jan. 17, 2018: Police uncover two pieces of crucial evidence linking McArthur to Esen and Kinsman’s disappearances.

McArthur arrested, charged with 1st-degree murder

Jan. 18, 2018: Police arrest McArthur after investigators observe a man entering his Thorncliffe Park apartment in the morning. When officers forcibly enter the apartment to arrest McArthur, they find the man in restraints. It is believed the man went to McArthur’s seeking a sexual encounter.

McArthur is then charged with first-degree murder in the deaths of Esen and Kinsman, even though the men’s bodies have yet to be found. Police also attribute three other murders of « unknown » men to McArthur in a search warrant obtained that day. 

In a news conference, police reveal that Kinsman and McArthur had been in a sexual relationship for « some time. »

Forensic investigators have been probing a rural home in the small community of Madoc, Ont., for clues in the disappearances of two men. The property is owned by the brother of Bruce McArthur’s longtime friend, Roger Horan. (Frederic Pepin/CBC)

Investigators also say they had secured five properties connected to McArthur. Those properties include McArthur’s apartment, which police obtained a search warrant for, a house connected to a friend of McArthur’s in Scarborough, another property connected to that friend in Madoc, Ont., a house in midtown Toronto where McArthur worked as a landscaper and another address in Toronto.

Jan. 21-26, 2018: Police obtain a search warrant for a house on Mallory Crescent in midtown Toronto, where McArthur worked as a landscaper and stored tools.

Investigators also get search warrants for their own buildings like Forensic Identification Services and 33 Division, so that they can examine items seized from McArthur’s apartment and the other addresses searched.

The items seized include 10 labelled red and silver USB storage sticks, the writing on the labels is redacted and under seal in the warrant applications. 

Jan. 22, 2018: Soroush Mahmudi is identified as one of McArthur’s victims in a search warrant application. His murder is listed in the offences connected to the warrant.

Jan. 26, 2018: Majeed Kayhan is identified as one of McArthur’s victims in a search warrant application. His murder is listed in the offences connected to the warrant.

Remains found in large planters

Jan. 29, 2018: McArthur is charged with three additional counts of first-degree murder in the deaths of Majeed Kayhan, Soroush Mahmudi and Dean Lisowick. 

Police also reveal they discovered dismembered remains in the bottom of large planters at the house on Mallory Crescent. Investigators call McArthur a serial killer for the first time.

Forensic investigators discovered dismembered remains in the bottom of large planters after searching a property at Mallory Crescent in midtown Toronto that was linked to McArthur. (CBC)

Feb. 8, 2018: Police say they’ve identified the remains of Andrew Kinsman from the large planters seized from the house on Mallory Crescent.

Feb. 16, 2018: Skandaraj Navaratnam and Abdulbasir Faizi are identified as two of McArthur’s victims in a production order application. Their murders are listed in the offences connected to the application.

Feb. 23, 2018: McArthur is charged with first-degree murder in the death of Skandaraj Navaratnam. Police identified Navaratnam’s remains from one of the large planters seized from the Mallory Crescent house where McArthur stored landscaping equipment.

Det.-Sgt. Hank Idsinga tells the media that Skandaraj Navaratnam’s remains have been identified from one of the large planters seized from the Mallory Crescent house. (David Donnelly/CBC)

March 7, 2018: Police obtain a general warrant to sift through all of McArthur’s emails for connections to his victims.

April 4, 2018: Police obtain a production order for McArthur’s probation records from his 2003 assault conviction. In the application police note their efforts to « trace McArthur’s movements since he became an adult » have been hampered by McArthur’s ex-wife and son’s « unwillingness to talk to police. »

April 11, 2018: McArthur is charged with first-degree murder in the death of Abdulbasir Faizi. Police believe the two knew each other. In a news conference police also tell reporters they’ve identified three more sets of remains from the planters belonging to Selim Esen, Dean Lisowick and Faizi.

April 12, 2018: In a warrant to continue searching McArthur’s apartment, police say they have no evidence to suggest anyone assisted McArthur with the murders. Although during the investigation police did explore whether a number of McArthur’s family and friends could have helped with the killings.

This search warrant is the last of the judicial orders CBC Toronto and other media outlets currently have access to. More judicial orders have been issued since, but they remain sealed.   

McArthur charged with 8th count of murder

April 16, 2018: McArthur is charged with first-degree murder in the death of Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam. His remains are identified from planters along with six other men McArthur is accused of killing. Police had previously released a deceased photo of Kanagaratnam as a last resort to identify him.

May 7, 2018: Since the ground thawed, police send out teams of cadaver dogs this week to roughly 100 properties linked to McArthur. Investigators do not disclose the addresses, but say the properties they’d searched were sites where McArthur worked as a landscaper.

Toronto police finished a months-long forensic investigation of the apartment rented by alleged serial killer Bruce McArthur. (CBC)

May 15, 2018: Police finish an inch-by-inch search of McArthur’s apartment. Investigators collect more than 1,800 pieces of evidence from the apartment in what they call the « largest forensic examination » in Toronto police history.

June 1, 2018:Police canine units finish their searches of roughly 100 properties connected to McArthur, including the Mallory Crescent home, where investigators find the remains of seven men in large planters. Police say they need to do some follow-up investigating before deciding if there will be further searches at some of the properties.

July 2018: Toronto police quietly launch the service’s first-ever dedicated missing persons unit in the wake of the McArthur investigation and public scrutiny around how the cases of his victims were handled. The unit consists of two lead detectives, four detective constables as investigators, and one analyst.

Police dig up more human remains

July 4, 2018: Police begin excavating the forested ravine behind the Mallory Crescent home where McArthur worked as a landscaper, and the remains of seven of the men he’s charged with murdering were found in planters.

Black bags were seen being loaded into a coroner’s van at the property. The next day police confirmed they’d found more human remains in the forested ravine area.

Police sift through and excavate materials from the back of a property along Mallory Crescent in Toronto after confirming they have found human remains during an investigation in relation to alleged serial killer Bruce McArthur. (Tijana Martin/Canadian Press)

July 12, 2018: Police complete their excavation of the forested ravine area behind the Mallory Crescent home. Investigators say they dug up human remains nearly every day they were there.

July 20, 2018: In a news conference, police say they’ve identified the remains of Majeed Kayhan from the evidence they uncovered in the ravine area behind the Mallory Crescent home where McArthur worked as a landscaper.

Kayhan was the only McArthur victim whose remains had yet to be found.

Majeed Kayhan’s remains were found after police spent nine days searching a ravine near a home where alleged serial killer Bruce McArthur worked as a landscaper. McArthur has been charged with first-degree murder in connection with Kayhan’s death. (Toronto Police Service)

Police had previously identified the remains of Skandaraj Navaratnam, Andrew Kinsman, Selim Esen, Abdulbasir Faizi, Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, Dean Lisowick, and Soroush Mahmudi from planters stored on the Mallory Crescent property.

At the news conference, lead investigator Hank Idsinga said police have no reason to believe they will find the remains of any other possible victims at any of the roughly 100 properties they’ve searched across the Greater Toronto Area since January.

Idsinga also said investigators continue to review cold-case files and missing-persons cases dating back to the 1970s and 1980s.

Oct. 22, 2018: McArthur waives his right to a preliminary inquiry, and is ordered to stand trial on eight counts of first-degree murder.

Nov. 2, 2018: Investigators say they’ve released the remains of some of McArthur’s victims to their families. 

Alleged serial killer Bruce McArthur at a brief court appearance on Jan. 16, 2019 in Toronto. (Pam Davies/CBC)

Nov. 30, 2018: Ontario Superior Court judge says McArthur’s trial on eight counts of first-degree murder will begin Jan. 6, 2020. The judge said the trial will likely take three to four months.

Jan. 16, 2019: McArthur made a brief appearance in a downtown Toronto court. The serial killer no longer had a beard as he did in Facebook photos from before his arrest, which were widely circulated by the media, and his head was completely shaved.

McArthur pleads guilty

Jan. 29, 2019: McArthur pleads guilty to all eight counts of first-degree murder when he appears in a downtown Toronto courtroom.

Crown lawyers say McArthur murdered his victims while they were confined during sexual acts before dismembering them. He is said to have kept « souvenirs » of the murders, including jewelry and notebooks.

Police investigators discovered items including syringes, zip ties, a surgical glove and duct tape in McArthur’s apartment.

His guilty plea will result in an automatic life sentence, with no chance of parole until he is at least 91 years old.

Further details about the investigation and murders are expected to be revealed during McArthur’s sentencing hearing. That court appearance is scheduled to begin on Feb. 4, 2019.

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Shutdown reprieve just ‘eye of the storm’ for some anxious U.S. federal workers




Judy Motley needs some sleep. For now, she’ll settle for a free meal.

The 64-year-old clerk at the Environmental Protection Agency was among 7,200 people who lined up on Monday for a steak sandwich and a complimentary bag of groceries for federal employees in Washington after the record-long partial U.S. government shutdown.

Despite a short-term deal that reopened the government for three weeks, until Feb. 15, Motley still worries. After being on furlough for 35 days, she’s back to work.

But she says she’s often up late fretting about her finances, as how long this all lasts remains up in the air. 

« I had too many sleepless nights, wondering what can I pay for? And what can I hold off on? »

The gears of U.S. government creaked into motion again on Monday after congressional leaders and President Donald Trump agreed to reopen the government, without honouring Trump’s demand for $5.7 billion to build a southern border wall.

Judy Motley, 64, a clerical worker at the Environmental Protection Agency, says she’s been unable to sleep well for days because of anxiety about the 35-day-long government shutdown. She said she worries it will happen again if the government can’t reach a deal on border security by Feb. 15. (Matt Kwong/CBC)

Office lights flickered on in departments that were dark for days. Staff finally watered wilting plants. Some civil servants came to work and said they were greeted with a « Welcome Back » banner and a medley of pastries and juice bottles.

Still, the temporary period of reprieve hasn’t alleviated much of Motley’s anxiety.

« Because I know it’s not over, » she said.

On the weekend, Trump put the odds of him reaching a permanent border security deal with lawmakers at « less than 50-50. » Failure to reach a deal would once again put 800,000 government workers at risk of another shutdown.

If it comes to that, chef and restaurateur Jose Andres’s World Central Kitchen — the non-profit that provided the free lunches in Washington on Monday — might consider activating its operations to extend past this week, a spokesperson said. The organization’s service of complimentary meals and its resource centre, where federal workers could get free groceries, was meant to run until Friday.

A sign at the Metro Center station in Washington, the central hub of the city’s rapid transit system, welcomes back federal employees on Monday. (Matt Kwong/CBC)

Reggie Uwandi emerged from the resource centre on Monday with a bag of baby formula — for his sister.

« She’s a federal worker, too, and she can’t walk right now. She went into labour two days ago, » he said.

Uncertainty about when Uwandi might get his next paycheque, and whether he’d have to pick up a second job, forced him to cancel his application for a new apartment. He was already approved to move in four days ago.

« But seeing that the government’s maybe only going to be open for three weeks, I’m pretty much just watching to see what happens before I make my decision. »

He’s staying at his parents’ house for the time being, anxious about that Feb. 15 deadline, when funding again runs out.

« The clock is definitely ticking; I’m just ready to start my new life, not always monitoring CNN to figure out what’s my next move. »

Reggie Uwandi, a federal employee who works in IT for the D.C. courts, carries a bag of baby formula for his sister’s newborn baby. Uwandi says he’s anxious about another possible shutdown on Feb. 15: ‘The clock is definitely ticking.’ (Matt Kwong/CBC)

Inside the resource centre, Ronald Jackson, who has worked for eight years for an agency of the D.C. federal court system, hauled off a donated bag of vegetables, rice, pasta and sauce. Every little bit helps for the 40-year-old, an essential employee who continued working — without pay — throughout the shutdown.

He said he’ll return every day that he can, as long as the government lacks a more permanent funding measure — one that might extend at least until the fall.

Jackson likens the uncertainty over another imminent shutdown to a storm: He hopes this isn’t just a short-term period of calm at the centre of a worse battle to come.

Ronald Jackson, 40, is an essential federal employee who worked for 35 days without pay in a branch within the Justice Department. He worries the current three-week period in which the government will be open is just the ‘eye of the storm.’ (Matt Kwong/CBC)

« You had lightning and thunder, but those skies are still grey, » he said. « We could still be in the eye of the storm. Who knows? »

The non-partisan Congressional Budget Office estimates that the impasse over Trump’s demand for wall funding will end up costing the federal government about $3 billion. On Wednesday, a bipartisan group of lawmakers from both the House and the Senate will hold an initial meeting to try to negotiate a deal before funding runs out next month.

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